Berthe Morisot
painter from France



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Berthe Morisot
painter from France
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Birth Date

January 14, 1841

Death Date

March 02, 1895

Arty Fact

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Born January 14, 1841 - Died March 2, 1895

She was born into a wealthy educated family, and unlike most women at that time, she was very lucky to have a family that supported her in her painting career. Her family was full of creative people including the prolific and sometimes erotic painter Fragonard.

She was very close to her sister Edma who was also artistically gifted. Edma was often the subject in Berthe’s paintings, and both of them studied with Corot. Women were banned from traditional art schools, and could not paint nudes, or urban street scenes. Both Morisot and Cassatt although confined to domestic scenes, excelled at what they did.

Morisot became close friends with Edouard Manet, who also became her mentor. Morisot married Eugene Manet, Edouard’s brother. She introduced Manet to her circle of friends who became the Impressionists. She also gave Manet tips on painting and influenced him, although few people want to acknowledge that.

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Here is what Trivium says about Berthe Morisot

“It is important to express oneself… provided the feelings are real and are taken from your own experience” - Berthe Morisot

Berthe Morisot was born in Bourges, France, into an affluent family. In 1852 the family moved to Paris, and as was common among daughters of the bourgeois, Berthe and her sisters Yves and Edma began an artistic education, tutored by Joseph Guichard.  At age 16, Guichard introduced Berthe to the Louvre gallery where she learned by copying artworks by the Old Masters. One of Berthe’s earliest known works is her Calvary, copied from Paolo Veronese’s 1588 painting. Though her sisters eventually married and moved away, Berthe continued her study.

In the Paris art world in 1860, women were not allowed to join official arts institutions — but at 19 years old, Morisot’s skills had already been recognized, and she registered as a copyist at the Louvre. The Louvre was an opportunity to mingle with artists and teachers including Camille Corot and Achille Oudinot, painters of the Barbizon School. Under Corot's influence, Berthe took up plein air painting, moving from the studio to the dappled light of the French countryside — and into a the beginning of a new movement that would become known as Impressionism.

Her landscape paintings won Berthe her first exhibition at the celebrated Salon de Paris, in 1864. Memory on the Banks of l’Oise, and The Old Track at Auvers were received well by the French Academy, though they were closely compared to Corot’s painting from the same show. Morisot ‘reacted unfavorably’[2] to the criticism, but her work was well positioned within the academic community, and she would go on to show work at the salon in 1865, 1866, 1868, 1870, 1872 and 1873.

Learn more about Berthe Morisot and other artists at Trivium Art History

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Here is what Wikipedia says about Berthe Morisot

Berthe Marie Pauline Morisot (French: [mɔʁizo]; January 14, 1841 – March 2, 1895) was a painter and a member of the circle of painters in Paris who became known as the Impressionists.

In 1864, Morisot exhibited for the first time in the highly esteemed Salon de Paris. Sponsored by the government and judged by Academicians, the Salon was the official, annual exhibition of the Académie des beaux-arts in Paris. Her work was selected for exhibition in six subsequent Salons until, in 1874, she joined the "rejected" Impressionists in the first of their own exhibitions, which included Paul Cézanne, Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, Camille Pissarro, Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Alfred Sisley. It was held at the studio of the photographer Nadar.

Morisot was married to Eugène Manet, the brother of her friend and colleague Édouard Manet.

She was described by Gustave Geffroy in 1894 as one of "les trois grandes dames" of Impressionism alongside Marie Bracquemond and Mary Cassatt.

Check out the full Wikipedia article about Berthe Morisot.