Artist
Sandro Botticelli
Italian painter

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Sandro Botticelli
Italian painter

Birth Date

March 01, 1445

Death Date

May 27, 1510

Sr. Contributor

Sandro Botticelli's love life could make a terrible Lifetime movie (that I'd still watch). 

He never married. Which didn't garner any sideways glances since 12% of the Florentine marriage-age population stayed single. That is, until he was arrested in 1502 for sodomy. But he was let go almost immediately.

Rectal hobgoblin' was a common accusation to lob at your enemies in Renaissance Florence. Nearly 17,000 of Florence's 40,000 citizens were accused of butt play in the Quattrocento alone. The reason is, and this was true for the sodomy laws in 14 US states until a Supreme Court decision in 2003, it was a coded charge for being gay. Florence had a public institution devoted to prosecuting sodomy: The Office of the Night. Which, you know, is a pretty cool name if you ignore the heinous bigotry and all the lives they tried to destroy.

With that accusation in mind, Sandro was probably in love with a married woman. Her name was Simonetta Vespucci. Married to Marco Vespucci, map-maker Amerigo Vespucci's cousin. Her face may have inspired the strawberry blondes that permeate Botticelli's oeuvre. Think nude lady riding a clam on a windswept seascape. If he had a young woman's face to paint, it was probably hers that he was painting. If he weren't in love with Simonetta, then he certainly wanted to Buffalo Bill her or something.

If the paintings weren't enough to prove his infatuation, then keep in mind that he was buried at Simonetta's feet. As requested on his deathbed. Simonetta died of tuberculosis at the age of 23. Many of Botticelli's most famous works that bear her likeness would have been painted years, sometimes decades after her death. That's devotion, y'all. Devotion enough to have love conquer the boundaries of societal taboos-- even death. Or, devotion enough to wear someone's face on your face. 

Sandro's birth name is Filipepi. Botticelli is a name given by his older brother Giovanni, who was a pawn broker. The name means either 'Little Barrel' or 'Little Wine Cask.' His first career was as a goldsmith. His father saw a budding talent for painting, so he got him the tutelage of Filippo Lippi. Which is kind of like if you were learning plumbing but your Dad brought you to rapping school with Kanye one afternoon and said, "This is your beautiful dark twisted life now." 

Sandro's Dad was obviously right, as his son was a master painter by 25. He became the de facto painter for the Medici family, which led him to become the earliest European artist to paint high-quality pagan stuff. The Medicis talked a lot of mythological bull about their family's greatness, and Botticelli translated that into paintings of Roman gods and goddesses and whatnot. But, after he got swept up in Savonarola's religious fanaticism, he threw some of his own paintings into the Bonfire of the Vanities. No one knows which he burned, though. We'll just pretend they were rough drafts instead of masterpieces.

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Here is what Wikipedia says about Sandro Botticelli

Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi (c. 1445 – May 17, 1510), known as Sandro Botticelli (Italian: [ˈsandro bottiˈtʃɛlli]), was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance. He belonged to the Florentine School under the patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici, a movement that Giorgio Vasari would characterize less than a hundred years later in his Vita of Botticelli as a "golden age". Botticelli's posthumous reputation suffered until the late 19th century; since then, his work has been seen to represent the linear grace of Early Renaissance painting.

As well as the small number of mythological subjects which are his best known works today, he painted a wide range of religious subjects and also some portraits. He and his workshop were especially known for their Madonna and Childs, many in the round tondo shape. Botticelli's best-known works are The Birth of Venus and Primavera, both in the Uffizi in Florence. He lived all his life in the same neighbourhood of Florence, with probably his only significant time elsewhere the months he spent painting in Pisa in 1474 and the Sistine Chapel in Rome in 1481–82.

Only one of his paintings is dated, though others can be dated from other records with varying degrees of certainty, and the development of his style traced with confidence. He was an independent master for all the 1470s, growing in mastery and reputation, and the 1480s were his most successful decade, when all his large mythological paintings were done, and many of his best Madonnas. By the 1490s his style became more personal and to some extent mannered, and he could be seen as moving in a direction opposite to that of Leonardo da Vinci (seven years his junior) and a new generation of painters creating the High Renaissance style as Botticelli returned in some ways to the Gothic style.

He has been described as "an outsider in the mainstream of Italian painting", who had a limited interest in many of the developments most associated with Quattrocento painting, such as the realistic depiction of human anatomy, perspective, and landscape, and the use of direct borrowings from classical art. His training enabled him to represent all these aspects of painting, without adopting or contributing to their development.

Check out the full Wikipedia article about Sandro Botticelli.