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Lady with an Ermine
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Arty Fact

ldare's picture

Sr. Editor

Leonardo da Vinci becomes besties with the Duke of Milan's mistress. Doesn't get in trouble with the wife.

This is a portrait of 15 or 16-year-old Cecilia Gallerani, mistress of Ludovico Sforza, duke of Milan. The Duke commissioned this piece while Leonardo was employed in his court. He also commissioned The Last Supper fresco several years later.

Cecilia had a lot going for her. She was blessed with beauty and brains with a special knack for poetry and music. Cecilia presided over intellectual gatherings and would invite Leonardo along!

In 1491 the Duke married Beatrice d’Este AND welcomed the birth of his son with Cecilia. Leonardo served as wedding planner. Beatrice was apparently not aware of Cecilia until this point and had the Duke remove her from court. The Duke sent her to live in the Verme Palace outside of Milan until she married her husband Count Ludovico Carminati de’ Brambilla and had four kids with him.

The ermine is based off of Leonardo’s drawings of a bear head and dog paw. For some reason nobody would loan him one of their ermines. There are several theories about the purpose of the ermine:

  • It’s a symbol of purity because ermines are stupid and would rather be captured than hide in a dirty hole that would ruin its beautiful fur.
  • It’s a fancy pet that members of court would keep…and then use as fur lining.
  • The Duke was awarded the Order of the Ermine in 1488 and he used it as a personal symbol.
  • Cecilia’s name sort of sounds like ermine in Greek
  • Ermines are supposed to protect pregnant women alluding to the fact that Cecilia is already pregnant here.

None of this really explains Cecilia’s giant man-hands.

During one of its restorations in the late 1800’s it is speculated that Eugéne Delacroix was the one who painted over the original bluish-grey background.

This painting has done quite a bit of traveling. Cecilia took it with her when Beatrice kicked her out of the palace. It sort of disappeared until the Czartoryski Family purchased it in 1798 in Italy. They hid it from the Russian army in 1830 at the Hôtel Lambert in Paris before sending it back to Krakow in 1882. The Nazis took it in 1939 and sent it to Berlin. Hans Frank, war criminal and all around horrible Governor General of Poland, requested the painting for his office in Krakow in 1940. Allied troops found the painting at Frank’s home in Bavaria and returned it to Poland at the end of the war. When it was found by Allied troops there was a rather distinct boot print on the front that had been left by German troops.

Perhaps inspired by all this intrigue, the Polish film Vinci (2004) featured a heist centered on this painting.

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Here is what Wikipedia says about Lady with an Ermine

Lady with an Ermine (Italian: Dama con l'ermellino [ˈdaːma kon lermelˈliːno]; Polish: Dama z gronostajem) is a painting by Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci from around 1489–1490 and one of Poland's national treasures. The portrait's subject is Cecilia Gallerani, painted at a time when she was the mistress of Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan, and Leonardo was in the Duke's service. It is one of only four portraits of women painted by Leonardo, the others being the Mona Lisa, the portrait of Ginevra de' Benci, and La belle ferronnière.

The Lady with an Ermine was donated on 29 of December 2016 to the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage by Prince Adam Karol Czartoryski, the last direct descendant of Izabela Czartoryska Flemming and Adam Jerzy Czartoryski, who brought the painting to Poland from Italy in 1798.

Check out the full Wikipedia article about Lady with an Ermine.