Peter Paul Rubens
Flemish artist and diplomat



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Peter Paul Rubens
Flemish artist and diplomat
Average: 5 (3 votes)

Date of Birth

June 28, 1577

Place of Birth

Siegen, Germany

Date of Death

May 30, 1640

Place of Death

Antwerp, Belgium

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Intelligent, diplomatic, and attractive are all worlds we could use to describe Peter Paul Rubens.

Sure, some people like to knock him for his proclivity towards little girls, but at the end of the day Rubens was still a master of intellect and paint. (And a pedo.)

Rubens was a classically educated Renaissance humanist scholar, which basically means he knew a whole lot about grammar, history, poetry, philosophy, and the list go goes on for days. Basically, Rubens was a raging intellectual who just happened to be known for his stunning portraits and mythological paintings.

Perhaps something besides his intellect was raging when he made the decision to take a 16-year-old girl for his wife. Oh wait; did I mention he was a spry lad of 53 at the time? Feel free to cringe, we all are. I guess statutory rape laws weren't quite up to snuff in 17th century. In all fairness though, the average life expectancy in Europe in the 1600’s was 35 so maybe Rubens was just trying to secure himself some solid years of happy matrimony before one of them dropped dead from some obscure disease. Hip hip hooray for living in the age of modern medicine!

Rubens spent his early years blissfully working in Italy until he heard that his mother had fallen ill in 1608, at which point he decided to move to Antwerp, Belgium, to be with his mother before her passing. Sadly, he didn’t make it in time and Rubens found himself back in his native land with not even a mother’s love. Poor Rubens decided to make the best of it though, and opened a studio in which to work and train the newer generations of artists, such as Anthony van Dyck.

He created 1,403 pieces in his life, many of which were of his favorite subject, thick fleshy women! Rubens once said, “I paint a woman's big rounded buttocks so that I want to reach out and stroke the dimpled flesh.” So besides being a manther, Rubens was also a chubby chaser. Perhaps the kings of Spain and England decided to overlook his personal fetishes when they decided to knight him.

In 1640, Rubens died of heart failure, which was the result of chronic gout. Yes, chronic toe arthritis brought on the death of one of the greatest Flemish Baroque painters. See what I mean about the joys of modern medicine?

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Here is what Trivium says about Peter Paul Rubens

Editor's note: Obelisk sometimes gravitates to artists whose lives were violent, dramatic, even tragic. They make good stories. But every now and then someone like Rubens comes along and does everything right. His talent was extraordinary, and his life was awesome. All we can do is just stand back and slow clap.

Biography of Peter Paul Rubens

Peter Paul Rubens would have been perfectly at home in the contemporary world of entrepreneurship. In the 17th century, a painter of Rubens status didn’t work alone, but managed a studio — producing a massive quantity of artworks for wealthy patrons. Talent had to be balanced by business savvy and a keen eye for popular taste. Rubens didn’t just paint, he knew how to sell painting.

Art as Business

As young man, Rubens first trained as an artist in Siegen, Germany, then traveled to Rome to study the masters of Italian painting. Rome was Rubens’s boot camp. He spent 8 years copying the seminal works of the Renaissance, honing his already considerable skills.

Rubens moved to Antwerp in 1608, to visit his Mother on her deathbed. She died before he arrived, but Rubens stayed and put down roots. Within a year he would be made a court painter for the Archduke Albert and his wife Isabella. At 33, Rubens was a model entrepreneur. He married, and purchased a home in a wealthy, fashionable part of Antwerp. He expanded his studio to include many assistants and to support the production at scale of enormous altarpieces. He woke at 4am to work twelve solid hours before going riding to stay fit. He the eminent professional — famously composed in his business dealings, and it also never hurts to be tall dark and handsome.

As his renown increased, so did his production. In a catalog of his works by Michael Jaffe, 1,403 artworks are attributed to Peter Paul Rubens — not including the numerous copies produced by his workshop. Ruben’s skillfully played to the tastes of the day — hitting all the favorite topics: mythological scenes, landscapes, religious work, and so many full-figured women that the term Rubenesque was coined to describe them. Ruben even pioneered new genres with his series of ‘hunts’ — massive paintings of royals combating exotics beasts, all at an enormous physical scale designed to only fit within the largest and grandest of palaces.

Art as Politics

Rubens commissions soon extended beyond the Netherlands. In 1622 he was commissioned by Maria de Medici, where he was quickly forced to hone a new skill set — the political maneuver. Cardinal Richelieu hated him, Maria was unpredictable and the project eventually fell apart, leaving many works uncompleted. But Rubens brought home a session — painting is powerful.

After the death of his first wife in 1625 Rubens traveled again, this time wielding his skill in painting as a diplomatic tool. He traveled to England to work for King Charles I. In both France and England, Rubens would arrive as a painter and leave as a confidant of the powerful and dangerous. In his travels he was able to negotiate allegiances for Isabella Clara Eugenia, now the governor of the Spanish Netherlands after the death of her husband Albert. In exchange, Isabella bestowed knighthood on her loyal painter, and Rubens became Sir Peter Paul Rubens.

Art as Pleasure

In 1630, Rubens decided to slow it down. He was 53 years old, healthy, rich, and single. He moved to his country house, the Chateau de Steen, and married a beautiful young woman. His new wife was Hélène Fourment, the 16 year old niece of first wife —and with this marriage he changed his focus from man of business to man of pleasure. While he still painted, Rubens avoided commissions, painting landscapes or portraits of young Hélène.

In retirement, Rubens saw his legacy expand. Already many of his protégés were running successful studios of their own. Cornelis de Vos continued Rubens’s portrait work in Antwerp, and Anthony van Dyck took his training from Rubens all the way to England where he became a leading court painter. Ruben’s had five children with his wife, and died happy at age 62.

Learn more about Peter Paul Rubens and other artists at Trivium Art History

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Here is what Wikipedia says about Peter Paul Rubens

Sir Peter Paul Rubens (/ˈrbənz/;Dutch: [ˈrybə(n)s]; 28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish artist and diplomat from the Duchy of Brabant in the Southern Netherlands (modern-day Belgium) who lived during the Dutch Golden Age. He is considered the most influential artist of the Flemish Baroque tradition. Rubens's highly charged compositions reference erudite aspects of classical and Christian history. His unique and immensely popular Baroque style emphasized movement, colour, and sensuality, which followed the immediate, dramatic artistic style promoted in the Counter-Reformation. Rubens was a painter producing altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects. He was also a prolific designer of cartoons for the Flemish tapestry workshops and of frontispieces for the publishers in Antwerp.

In addition to running a large workshop in Antwerp that produced paintings popular with nobility and art collectors throughout Europe, Rubens was a classically educated humanist scholar and diplomat who was knighted by both Philip IV of Spain and Charles I of England. Rubens was a prolific artist. The catalogue of his works by Michael Jaffé lists 1,403 pieces, excluding numerous copies made in his workshop.

His commissioned works were mostly history paintings, which included religious and mythological subjects, and hunt scenes. He painted portraits, especially of friends, and self-portraits, and in later life painted several landscapes. Rubens designed tapestries and prints, as well as his own house. He also oversaw the ephemeral decorations of the royal entry into Antwerp by the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria in 1635. He wrote a book with illustrations of the palaces in Genoa, which was published in 1622 as Palazzi di Genova. The book was influential in spreading the Genoese palace style in Northern Europe. Rubens was an avid art collector and had one of the largest collections of art and books in Antwerp. He was also an art dealer and is known to have sold an important number of art objects to George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham.

He was one of the last major artists to make consistent use of wooden panels as a support medium, even for very large works, but he used canvas as well, especially when the work needed to be sent a long distance. For altarpieces he sometimes painted on slate to reduce reflection problems.

Check out the full Wikipedia article about Peter Paul Rubens.