Artist
Georgia O'Keeffe
American artist

Disclaimer

Images

We do our best to use images that are open source. If you feel we have used an image of yours inappropriately please let us know and we will fix it.

Accuracy

Our writing can be punchy but we do our level best to ensure the material is accurate. If you believe we have made a mistake, please let us know.

Visits

If you are planning to see an artwork, please keep in mind that while the art we cover is held in permanent collections, pieces are sometimes removed from display for renovation or traveling exhibitions.

Georgia O'Keeffe
American artist

Birth Date

November 15, 1887

Death Date

March 06, 1986

Contributor

Everybody knows Georgia O'keeffe for paintings of flowers that resemble… “lady parts.”

O’Keeffe is one America’s most famous female artists, and during her career, she was one of the best paid. But she may not have shot to the top as powerfully or quickly without the help of friends in high places--namely, her lover Alfred Stieglitz.

Stieglitz was a (married) hotshot photographer 24 years O’Keeffe’s senior when they met in 1915. A mutual friend showed Stieglitz some of O’Keeffe’s charcoal drawings, and he insisted on showing her work at his notable New York gallery 291, even though she was a 28-year-old schoolteacher living in Texas. A long distance letter correspondence grew into mentorship and then something steamier, until finally O’Keeffe moved to New York, Stieglitz’s wife walked in on him photographing O’Keeffe in the nude, and the two were married not long after.

Life with Stieglitz must have been no cake walk. He was reputed to be a manipulative sonuvabitch, and derived great satisfaction from controlling O’Keeffe’s career and commercial success. They both enjoyed plenty of infidelities--O’Keeffe was particularly keen on the ladies, as you might guess, and is even rumored to have been lovers with artist Agnes Martin.

But O’Keeffe’s greatest lover of all must have been New Mexico. After taking a vacation there without Stieglitz, she became so inspired by the rugged landscape that she decided to stay. There she enjoyed creative solitude while Stieglitz carried on a very public affair with Dorothy Nauman, a 21-year-old married woman in the New York art world. Whether for reasons of love or economy, O’Keeffe and Stieglitz miraculously stayed together until Stieglitz died in 1946.

As her own end drew nigh, O’Keeffe endured what most artists might consider their worst nightmare--loss of sight. Going blind, however, didn’t stop her from rendering the beauty of the weathered New Mexico landscape. A staff of assistants were able to help her create her visions, both remembered and imagined, in her last years.

You can get to know O’Keeffe quite intimately through many, many photographs that Stieglitz took of her (plenty of them nude). O’Keeffe was regarded by many notable photographers to be something of a muse, and artists like Ansel Adams, Arnold Newman, Irving Penn and Andy Warhol have photographed her at various ages and stages of her life.

Featured Content

Here is what Wikipedia says about Georgia O'Keeffe

Georgia Totto O'Keeffe (November 15, 1887 – March 6, 1986) was an American artist. She was best known for her paintings of enlarged flowers, New York skyscrapers, and New Mexico landscapes. O'Keeffe has been recognized as the "Mother of American modernism".

In 1905, O'Keeffe began her serious formal art training at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and then the Art Students League of New York, but she felt constrained by her lessons that focused on recreating or copying what was in nature. In 1908, unable to fund further education, she worked for two years as a commercial illustrator, and then spent seven years between 1911 and 1918 teaching in Virginia, Texas, and South Carolina. During that time, she studied art during the summers between 1912 and 1914 and was introduced to the principles and philosophies of Arthur Wesley Dow, who espoused created works of art based upon personal style, design, and interpretation of subjects, rather than trying to copy or represent them. This caused a major change in the way she felt about and approached art, as seen in the beginning stages of her watercolors from her studies at the University of Virginia and more dramatically in the charcoal drawings that she produced in 1915 that led to total abstraction. Alfred Stieglitz, an art dealer and photographer, held an exhibit of her works in 1917. Over the next couple of years, she taught and continued her studies at the Teachers College, Columbia University in 1914 and 1915.

She moved to New York in 1918 at Stieglitz's request and began working seriously as an artist. They developed a professional relationship—he promoted and exhibited her works—and a personal relationship that led to their marriage in 1924. O'Keeffe created many forms of abstract art, including close-ups of flowers, such as the Red Canna paintings, that many found to represent women's genitalia, although O'Keeffe consistently denied that intention. The reputation of the portrayal of women's sexuality was also fueled by explicit and sensuous photographs that Stieglitz had taken and exhibited of O'Keeffe.

O'Keeffe and Stieglitz lived together in New York until 1929, when O'Keeffe began spending part of the year in the Southwest, which served as inspiration for her paintings of New Mexico landscapes and images of animal skulls, such as Cow's Skull: Red, White, and Blue and Ram's Head White Hollyhock and Little Hills. After Stieglitz's death, she lived permanently in New Mexico at Georgia O'Keeffe Home and Studio in Abiquiú, until the last years of her life when she lived in Santa Fe. In 2014, O'Keeffe's 1932 painting Jimson Weed sold for $44,405,000, more than three times the previous world auction record for any female artist. After her death, the Georgia O'Keeffe Museum was established in Santa Fe.

Check out the full Wikipedia article about Georgia O'Keeffe.