Artworks
The Bacchanal of the Andrians
0
Be the first to vote…

More about The Bacchanal of the Andrians

gstecyk's picture

Contributor

What better way to welcome the god of partying than getting wasted?  

The white sails of Bacchus’ ship appear on the horizon. Bacchus has blessed the island of Andros by making her rivers flow with booze, and the people show their appreciation by pre-gaming Animal House style to greet him. Why none of these horny drunks are paying much attention to the hot, naked nymph stretched out in come-hither position is a mystery. The creepy baby flashing everyone next to her seems to be a very effective cock-block. The sheet of music in the bottom center is a drinking ballad, roughly translating to, “He who drinks and doesn’t drink again, doesn’t know what drinking is.”  Now we know where Charlie Sheen got his mantra.

Titian (humble guy that he was) consciously based this scene on a description of a lost masterpiece from antiquity in order to draw comparison between himself and the legendary artist Apelles, said to be the greatest painter of the Classical World.  The male figure leaning on one elbow in the center was based on a cartoon by Michelangelo for The Battle of Cascina, and the neglected nymph was based on an ancient sculpture of Bacchus’ wife Ariadne. Good artists copy, great artists steal. In turn, Rubens copied Titian’s painting, but gave everyone more cellulite.

The Italian nobleman Alfonso I d’Este commissioned this to adorn his famous “Alabaster Room.”  This temple to the arts in his palace at Ferrara featured a triptych of stories about Bacchus: Bellini’s Feast of the Gods, Tiziano’s Bacchus and Ariadne, and this painting.  Alfonso’s obsession with the god of drunks and group sex may have reflected his own proclivity towards hedonistic delights or may have been a chaste metaphor for the fertile Italian countryside, depending on who you believe. I say, two things can be true!  

Alfonso was said to have run through the streets of Ferrara naked, and his second wife was the notorious sexual adventurer Lucrezia Borgia. (Actress Holliday Grainger portrayed Lucrezia in The Borgias, Showtime’s raunchy follow-up to The Tudors.) Both Alfonso and Lucrezia had numerous affairs. Lucrezia’s most salacious of these was with her own brother-in-law, who eventually stopped sleeping with her when he contracted syphilis and didn’t want to pass it on...chivalry in action!  Who knows how many venereal diseases the couple collected, but we do know they collected some great art along the way. 

 

Featured Content

Here is what Wikipedia says about The Bacchanal of the Andrians

The Bacchanal of the Andrians or The Andrians is an oil painting by Titian. It is signed "TICIANUS F.[aciebat]" and is dated to 1523–1526.

History

The painting was made by Titian for the Sala dei Baccanali in the Camerini d'alabastro for Alfonso I d'Este, after The Worship of Venus (1518–1519) and Bacchus and Ariadne (1520–1523) and Titian's intervention on the The Feast of the Gods by Bellini in 1524–1525 where he retouched the landscape to match the style of the other paintings.

In 1598, control of Ferrara passed to the Papal State and the Este family had to withdraw to Modena. During the transfer, cardinal and papal legate Pietro Aldobrandini appropriated many paintings, among which were The Bacchanal and The Worship of Venus. Aldobrandini never exhibited the taken paintings. His theft only became known in 1629 after the paintings had come into the Ludovisi inheritance and then were sold to the Duke of Monterrey in payment of the Principality of Piombino. They were then donated to Philip IV of Spain in 1639. The first documentation of the paintings in Spain date to the inventories of the Royal Alcázar of Madrid in 1666, 1686, and 1700.

The three canvases of Titian were admired and copied as much in Italy as in Spain by artists like Pieter Paul Rubens, Guido Reni, Nicolas Poussin, and Diego Velázquez, and they contributed to the development of the Baroque style. Rubens' copies of The Bacchanal are housed at the Nationalmuseum in Stockholm. The Italian artist Domenichino famously wept upon hearing that the masterpieces had left Italy.

In 1782, British painter Joshua Reynolds admired The Bacchanal, which inspired him to draw a parallel between Titian and the Latin poet Virgil:

"What was said of Virgil, that he threw even filth about the ground with an air of dignity, may be applied to Titian ; whatever he touched, however naturally mean and habitually familiar, by a kind of magic he invested with grandeur and importance."

The painting is now held at the Museo del Prado in Madrid.

Check out the full Wikipedia article about The Bacchanal of the Andrians.