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Amor Vincit Omnia
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lheard's picture

Contributor

Caravaggio painted a cheeky cherub and found himself in the slammer.

Caravaggio’s Amor Vincit Omnia may seem benign, but the tableau brought him a lifetime of torment. This mischievous god of love drove the painter into a whirlwind of conflict, including a trial, jail time, and an unflattering post mortem biography. The biggest culprit? Caravaggio’s archenemy, the distinguished painter Giovanni Baglione.

Caravaggio’s intentions for Amor were innocent. He had his favorite assistant don some tacky eagle wings, borrowed from Artemisia’s father, and modeled the ambitious work off of Michelangelo’s Victory. The resulting disproportionate portrait would not phase the recipient, the distinguished patron Vincenzo Giustiniani. Vincenzo’s father had ruled the island of Chios until 1566, the last of the Giustiniani dynasty. Likely miffed that he missed out on the monarchy and bored of his obscene wealth, Vincenzo occupied himself with art collection, astronomy, military service, and the construction of luxurious buildings.

Amor Vincit Omnia, or “Love conquers all,” is often interpreted as a straightforward depiction of Cupid triumphing over worldly endeavors, symbolized by musical instruments, armor, a crown, a globe, and a manuscript. Closer inspection reveals a “V,” for Vincenzo, on the pictured sheet music. Could Caravaggio’s carefully curated symbols be references to Vincenzo’s various virtues? This twist would make Giustiniani, not Love, the conqueror of Caravaggio’s masterpiece. Looks like the king of Baroque painting wasn’t above a bit of good old-fashioned ass kissing. Unsurprisingly, Giustiniani adored the work, considering it the crown jewel of his art collection.

Giustiniani wasn’t alone in his admiration. Talented artist Baglione would soon paint Divine and Profane Love, basing his Cupid off of Caravaggio’s. In response, Caravaggio labeled Baglione a plagiarist. Furious, Baglione created a second version in which Caravaggio’s portrait is slapped on Lucifer’s body. The devilish painter is being ripped away from intercourse with young Cupid. The message was all the more pointed due to rumors that Caravaggio and his young assistant, the model for Amor, were romantically involved.

Caravaggio resorted to name-calling, a foreseeable response from a man who once chucked an artichoke dish at his snobbish waiter. He and his pals wrote colorful poetry about Baglione, calling him “John Testicle” the “cuckold.” The feud culminated in a trial, in which Baglione sued Caravaggio for the damage to his professional reputation. Once Caravaggio had passed away, Baglione took it upon himself to write his first biography, gleefully noting in its pages that Caravaggio “died as badly as he lived” and was widely thought to have “destroyed painting.”

Four hundred years after its inception, Amor Vincit Omnia continues to cause controversy. In 2016, art promoter Desivel was outraged when Facebook blocked his page for posting this very same cherub. Looks like painted-on Renaissance nudity is too scandalous for a 21st century audience.

Sources

Sources

  1. “Amor als Sieger.” Staatliche Museen zu Berlin. Accessed November 30, 2017. http://www.smb-digital.de/eMuseumPlus?service=ExternalInterface&module=c....
  2. “Amor Victorious, 1602 by Caravaggio.” Caravaggio. Accessed November 30, 2017. http://www.caravaggio.org/amor-victorious.jsp#prettyPhoto.
  3. “Amor Vincit Omnia (Caravaggio).” Wikipedia. September 19, 2017. Accessed November 30, 2017. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amor_Vincit_Omnia_(Caravaggio).
  4. “Amor Vincit Omnia (Victorious Cupid) (1602).” Encyclopedia of Art Education. Accessed November 30, 2017. http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/famous-paintings/amor-vincit-omnia.htm.
  5. “Facebook censura il Cupido di Caravaggio: il nudo di Amor Vincit Omnia bloccato per contenuti contrari al social network.” Huffington Post. January 11, 2016. Accessed November 30, 2017. http://www.huffingtonpost.it/2016/11/01/facebook-censura-caravaggio
  6. Krén, Emil and Daniel Marx. “Sacred and Profane Love.” Web Gallery of Art. Accessed November 30, 2017. https://www.wga.hu/html_m/b/baglione/sacred2.html.
  7. “Vincenzo Giustiniani.” Wikipedia. January 6, 2017. Accessed November 30, 2017. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vincenzo_Giustiniani.
  8. Warwick, Genevieve, ed. Caravaggio: Realism, Rebellion, Reception. Cranbury, NJ: Rosemont Publishing & Printing Corp., 2006. Google Books.
mhoutzager's picture

Contributor

When you Google 'Amor Vincit Omnia' (love conquers all), this Caravaggio painting is not among the top results. Instead, you'll find lots of pictures of basics with bad tattoos.

In this non-tattoo version, Caravaggio's studio assistant, Cecco Boneri, is happily posing naked as Cupid on a pile of stuff symbolizing the 'all' conquered by love.  Specifically, love conquers music (the instruments), literature (the document), war (the suit of armor), astronomy (more instruments), and...laundry? (the sheet).

This provocatively homoerotic painting caused a huge and very amusing firestorm of controversy in 1602 when Caravaggio's rival Giovanni Baglione decided to take action and paint a direct response to it.  Baglione's counter painting 'Sacred Love and Profane Love' shows Caravaggio as the devil caught either having sex, or about to have sex, with his young studio assistant. The two paintings hang right next to each other in the Gemaldegalerie, Berlin, which proves that German curators have a sense of humor.

 

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Here is what Wikipedia says about Amor Vincit Omnia (Caravaggio)

Amor Vincit Omnia ("Love Conquers All", known in English by a variety of names including Amor Victorious, Victorious Cupid, Love Triumphant, Love Victorious, or Earthly Love) is a painting by the Italian Baroque artist Caravaggio.

Amor Vincit Omnia shows Amor, the Roman Cupid, wearing dark eagle wings, half-sitting on or perhaps climbing down from what appears to be a table. Scattered around are the emblems of all human endeavours – violin and lute, armour, coronet, square and compasses, pen and manuscript, bay leaves, and flower, tangled and trampled under Cupid's foot. The painting illustrates the line from Virgil's Eclogues X.69, Omnia vincit amor et nos cedamus amori ("Love conquers all; let us all yield to love!"). A musical manuscript on the floor shows a large "V". It has therefore been suggested also that the picture is a coded reference to the attainments of Marchese Vincenzo Giustiniani: his Genoese family ruled Chios (until the island's capture by the Turks) in 1622, hence the coronet; the cultivated Marchese also wrote about music and painting (pen, manuscript and musical instruments), was constructing an imposing new palazzo (geometrical instruments), studied astronomy (astral sphere), and was praised for his military prowess (armour). The symbology thus holds the possible reading: Vincenzo Conquers All. Giustiniani is said to have prized it above all other works in his collection.

Check out the full Wikipedia article about Amor Vincit Omnia (Caravaggio).