Artist
Max Liebermann
German painter

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Max Liebermann
German painter
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Average: 4 (1 vote)

Birth Date

July 20, 1847

Death Date

February 08, 1935

Arty Fact

mhoutzager's picture

Contributor

Born July 20, 1847 - Died February 8, 1935

Most famous German Jewish painter. Used inherited wealth to build a large art collection. Obsessively painted self portraits (but to be fair, they are very good).

Served as a medic during the Franco-Prussian war. Quit as president of the Prussian Academy of Art when they banned Jewish artists. His death in 1933 saved him from deportation to a concentration camp. His wife was not so lucky, outlived him, and was told to get on a train. She killed herself instead.

ldewey's picture

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Before Max Liebermann went balls deep into the art world, he studied law and philosophy at the University of Berlin.

Of course, he couldn’t resist the pull of his creative inclinations and ended up studying painting and drawing in Paris, Weimar, and the Netherlands. As a Jewish artist in what later became Nazi Germany, Liebermann was seldom given the credit he deserved. He was President of the esteemed Prussian Academy of Arts when they decided to stop showing the works of Jewish artists and he quickly resigned from the position in outrage. While watching the Nazis march through the Brandenburg Gate, Liebermann reportedly commented “I could not possibly eat as much as I would like to throw up.” Same here, Max. 

Despite the considerable restrictions imposed upon him, Liebermann remained a leader (and badass) in the artistic community. He became a leading German impressionist known for his extensive art collection and advocacy for the separation of art and politics. He was also very familiar with the art of the selfie and painted numerous self-portraits before his death in 1935. 

Despite his considerable fame, Liebermann’s passing was not reported in the Nazi-controlled media. Still, more than one hundred friends and relatives defied the Gestapo’s official orders and attended his funeral at the Jewish Cemetery. His death saved him from deportation to a concentration camp, but his wife did not share the same (mis)fortune. When she was told to get on a train, she killed herself instead.

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Here is what Wikipedia says about Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann (20 July 1847 – 8 February 1935) was a German painter and printmaker of Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry, and one of the leading proponents of Impressionism in Germany.

Biography

The son of a Jewish fabric manufacturer turned banker from Berlin, Liebermann grew up in an imposing town house alongside the Brandenburg Gate. He first studied law and philosophy at the University of Berlin, but later studied painting and drawing in Weimar in 1869, in Paris in 1872, and in the Netherlands in 1876–77. During the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71), Liebermann served as a medic with the Order of St. John near Metz. After living and working for some time in Munich, he finally returned to Berlin in 1884, where he remained for the rest of his life. He was married in 1884 to Martha Marckwald (1857–1943).

He used his own inherited wealth to assemble an impressive collection of French Impressionist works. He later chose scenes of the bourgeoisie, as well as aspects of his garden near Lake Wannsee, as motifs for his paintings. In Berlin, he became a famous painter of portraits; his work is especially close in spirit to Édouard Manet. In his work he steered away from religious subject matter, with one cautionary exception being an early painting, The 12-Year-Old Jesus in the Temple With the Scholars (1879). His painting of a Semitic-looking boy Jesus conferring with Jewish scholars sparked debate. At the International Art Show in Munich it stirred up a storm for its supposed blasphemy, with one critic describing Jesus as "the ugliest, most impertinent Jewish boy imaginable." Noted for his portraits (he did more than 200 commissioned ones over the years, including of Albert Einstein and Paul von Hindenburg), Liebermann also painted himself from time to time.

On the occasion of his 50th birthday, Liebermann was given a solo exhibition at the Prussian Academy of Arts in Berlin, and the following year he was elected to the academy. From 1899 to 1911 he led the premier avant-garde formation in Germany, the Berlin Secession. In his various capacities as a leader in the artistic community, Liebermann spoke out often for the separation of art and politics. In the formulation of arts reporter and critic Grace Glueck he "pushed for the right of artists to do their own thing, unconcerned with politics or ideology". His interest in French Realism was offputting to conservatives, for whom such openness suggested what they thought of as Jewish cosmopolitanism. He did contribute regularly to a newspaper put out by artists during World War I.

Beginning in 1920 he was president of the Prussian Academy of Arts. On his 80th birthday, in 1927, Liebermann was celebrated with a large exhibition, declared an honorary citizen of Berlin and hailed in a cover story in Berlin's leading illustrated magazine. But such public accolades were short lived. In 1933 he resigned when the academy decided to no longer exhibit works by Jewish artists, before he would have been forced to do so under laws restricting the rights of Jews. While watching the Nazis celebrate their victory by marching through the Brandenburg Gate, Liebermann was reported to have commented: "Ich kann gar nicht soviel fressen, wie ich kotzen möchte." ("I could not possibly eat as much as I would like to throw up.").

In 1909 Liebermann bought property in Wannsee, a wealthy suburb of summer homes on the outskirts of Berlin, and designed a villa with gardens there. From the 1910s until his death, images of the gardens dominated his work. Liebermann recruited Lovis Corinth, Ernst Oppler and Max Slevogt for the Berlin Secession, together they were the most famous painters of the German Impressionism.

Liebermann died on February 8, 1935, at his home on Berlin's Pariser Platz, near the Brandenburg Gate. According to Käthe Kollwitz, he fell asleep about 7 p.m. and was gone.

Although Liebermann had been famous, his death was not reported in the media, now controlled by the Nazis, and there were no representatives of the Prussian Academy of Arts or the city at his funeral in the Jewish Cemetery on Schönhauser Allee. However, despite official strictures by the Gestapo, more than 100 friends and relatives attended the funeral. Among the mourners were Kollwitz, Hans Purrmann, Otto Nagel, Ferdinand Sauerbruch, Bruno Cassirer, Georg Kolbe, Max J. Friedländer and Adolph Goldschmidt.

Check out the full Wikipedia article about Max Liebermann.

Comments (1)

thinkstuff101

“I could not possibly eat as much as I would like to throw up.” I'm going to use that. Also, I want to see some Lieberman self portraits. I don't care if he is a dead white guy. Step up your Lieberman game, Sartle!