Marie-Victoire Lemoine
French painter



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Marie-Victoire Lemoine
French painter
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Date of Birth


Date of Death

December 02, 1820

Arty Fact

More about Marie-Victoire Lemoine

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Could it be said that Marie-Victoire Lemoine’s success stemmed from the fact that she never married?

That she remained unbothered by the male sex? I’m not gonna come right out and say yes, but the case is strengthened by the fact that two of her married sisters were also artists, and had much less professional success. Just sayin'.

Lemoine was born into a middle-class family and was able to find her way as an artist in a world in which the arts were dominated by men. Although she studied with painter François Guillaume Ménageot, she was arguably more influenced by Louise Elisabeth Vigée Le Brun. She lived in a house owned by this fellow badass lady and her husband while studying with Ménageot

Lemoine was lucky enough to work at a time in which the Parisian Salons were opening up to a wider array of artists. Before the 1790s, only Académie artists were allowed to show. From then on, it was a more democratic system. Lemoine showed for the first time in 1796 and would go on to exhibit many more times in the following years. In 1799, she showed a portrait of Princess Lamballe, a good friend of Marie Antoinette.

Although Lemoine was able to make a living, she gained only moderate success during the time she lived and has since been "rediscovered." That said, with her recent resurgence in popularity, more attention is being paid to her on a scholarly level, and some of those people think that she may have a wider body of work that previously known. Having signed her work simply “Lemoine,” it is possible that some of her paintings have been misattributed to male artist Jacques Antoine Marie Lemoine. 




  1. Aurricchio, Laura. “Eighteenth Century Women Painters in France.” Met Museum, October 2004, accessed 25 Nov 2019,
  2. “Lemoine, Marie-victoire.” The Web Gallery of Art, accessed 25 Nov 2019,
  3. “Lemoine, Marie Victoire (1754–1820).”, 20 Oct 2019, accessed 25 Nov 2019, from
  4. “Marie-victoire Lemoine.” Hellenica World, accessed 25 Nov 2019,
  5. “Royalists to Romantics: Spotlight on Marie Victoire Lemoine.” National Museum of Women in the Arts, 8 June 2012, accessed 25 November 2019,
  6. “The Interior of an Atelier of a Woman Painter.” Met Museum, accessed 25 Nov 2019, from

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Here is what Wikipedia says about Marie-Victoire Lemoine

Marie-Victoire Lemoine (French: [ma.ʁi vik.twaʁ lə.mwan]; 1754 – December 2, 1820) was a French classicist painter.


Born in Paris, Marie-Victoire Lemoine was the eldest daughter of Charles Lemoine and Marie-Anne Rousselle. Her sisters, Marie-Denise Villers and Marie-Élisabeth Gabiou, also became painters. However, unlike her sisters, she remained unmarried and became one of the few women in contemporary art that made a living through painting.

She was a student of François-Guillaume Ménageot in the early 1770s, with whom she lived and worked in a house acquired by the art dealer Jean-Baptiste-Pierre Lebrun, next to the studio of Élisabeth-Louise Vigée-Le Brun (1755–1842), France's leading woman painter. From 1779, Marie-Victoire Lemoine lived in her parents' home until she moved in with her sister Marie-Elisabeth, where she remained even after her sister's death. She died six years after her last exhibition, aged sixty-six.

Check out the full Wikipedia article about Marie-Victoire Lemoine.