Artist
Juan Gris
Spanish painter and sculptor

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Juan Gris
Spanish painter and sculptor
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Average: 5 (1 vote)

Date of Birth

March 23, 1887

Date of Death

May 11, 1927

More about Juan Gris

dbresnahan's picture

Contributor

José Victoriano Carmelo Carlos González-Pérez, better known by his street name Juan Gris, had a thing for shapes.

Gris was born in Madrid in 1887 and went to Madrid’s School of Arts and Sciences, clearly favoring the “Sciences” half—he studied mathematics, physics, and engineering. Despite all that, Gris had an eye for art (and maybe he wanted to piss off his parents), so he moved to Paris and became a professional illustrator—drawing grisly cartoons just to stick it to the man (and, again, probably his parents).

It turns out Gris’s nerdy background in mathematics and engineering influenced much of his later work in cubism. He became known as “The Third Cubist” (AKA The Cubed Cubist?) right behind Georges Braque and notorious frenemy Pablo Picasso. Being close neighbors, Gris considered Picasso a friend and mentor—even going so far as to paint a less than flattering portrait of him—but Picasso was less enthused and said to have wished Gris would just go away (ouch). However, when Gris died at the young age of 40 due to renal failure, Picasso attended his funeral. It would seem Picasso stopped being such a grouch and liked Gris well enough in the end. #LoveWins #TheCubedCubist

Gertrude Stein loved Gris. She funded much of his work and even got into a fist fight with Picasso over which artist was the best. Okay, that didn’t really happen, but she did say once that Picasso never really had Gris's mojo.

Fanboy or not, Gris easily distinguished himself from other artists of the movement (he was even knighted into Google Doodle-hood back in 2012). He was known for producing bolder and brighter colors as well as employing his background in the sciences into his work, painting with rigorous precision, and detailing lines, shapes, and patterns with mathematical expertise. But before we call Gris a total robot, it should be known he once said: “I prefer the emotion that corrects the rule.” Despite his love for compasses and protractors, Gris himself argued that it was instinct and feeling which ultimately informed his art.

 

Sources

Sources

  1. The Art Story Foundation. "Juan Gris." The Art Story. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2017.
  2. Arty Factory Editors. "Still Life Artists - Juan Gris." Arty Factory. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2017.
  3. Bashkoff, Tracey. "Fruit Dish on a Checkered Tablecloth." Collection Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2017.
  4. Biography.com Editors. "Juan Gris." The Biography.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2017.
  5. Brooke, Peter. "Higher Geometries." On Cubism. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2017.
  6. Caws, Mary Ann. Pablo Picasso. London: Reaktion Books, 2005. p. 66. Print.
  7. Green, Christopher, Christian Derouet, and Karin Von Maur. "One Must after All Paint as One Is Oneself." Juan Gris. London: Whitechapel Art Gallery, 1992. 90. Print.
  8. Jones, Jonathan. "Juan Gris: Why the Unsung Cubist Deserves His Google Doodle." The Guardian, March 23, 2012. https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/jonathanjonesblog/2012/mar/23/j....

Featured Content

Here is what Wikipedia says about Juan Gris

José Victoriano (Carmelo Carlos) González-Pérez (23 March 1887 – 11 May 1927), better known as Juan Gris (Spanish: [ˈxwan ˈɡɾis]; French: [gʀi]), was a Spanish painter born in Madrid who lived and worked in France most of his life. Closely connected to the innovative artistic genre Cubism, his works are among the movement's most distinctive.

Life

Gris was born in Madrid and later studied engineering at the Madrid School of Arts and Sciences. There, from 1902 to 1904, he contributed drawings to local periodicals. From 1904 to 1905, he studied painting with the academic artist José Moreno Carbonero. It was in 1905 that José Victoriano González adopted the more distinctive name Juan Gris.

In 1909 Lucie Belin (1891–1942)—Gris' wife—gave birth to Georges Gonzalez-Gris (1909–2003), the artist's only child. The three lived at the Bateau-Lavoir, 13 Rue Ravignan, Paris, from 1909 to 1911. In 1912 Gris met Charlotte Augusta Fernande Herpin (1894–1983), also known as Josette. Late 1913 or early 1914 they lived together at the Bateau-Lavoir until 1922. Josette Gris was Juan Gris' second companion and unofficial wife.

Check out the full Wikipedia article about Juan Gris.