Place
Walker Art Gallery Liverpool
art gallery in Liverpool, United Kingdom
Disclaimer

Disclaimer

Images

We do our best to use images that are open source. If you feel we have used an image of yours inappropriately please let us know and we will fix it.

Accuracy

Our writing can be punchy but we do our level best to ensure the material is accurate. If you believe we have made a mistake, please let us know.

Visits

If you are planning to see an artwork, please keep in mind that while the art we cover is held in permanent collections, pieces are sometimes removed from display for renovation or traveling exhibitions.

Walker Art Gallery Liverpool
art gallery in Liverpool, United Kingdom
0
Be the first to vote…

William Brown Street
Liverpool
United Kingdom

ddeveaux's picture

Contributor

William Roscoe was a man who wore many hats in life, until he went bankrupt and had to sell them all.

Roscoe was a historian who wrote books on figures such as Pope Leo X and was also a politician once greeted by an angry mob in his hometown because of his desire to abolish slavery. But as they say, when life closes your bank account, it opens an art gallery. Okay, no one has ever said that, but the Walker Art Gallery proved to be a pretty great silver lining to Roscoe's financial woes.

As an art collector, Roscoe had unique taste. He gathered work based on its historic value, and not simply its artistic merit. Unfortunately, this meant none of his collection sold for much because any pre-Renaissance works were dismissed as “primitive” by most other collectors of his day. His collection was primarily composed of Italian and Netherlandish paintings from 1300 to 1550.

Roscoe had hope that his years of collecting would not be in vain and that he wouldn’t have to see his collection split apart and auctioned off at crazy low prices, much like the sad fate of King Charles I’s art collection. The paintings did sell cheaply, but they were purchased by a group of Roscoe’s friends who were intent on keeping the collection together for public display.

A catalogue was published a few years later, based on his research, on how his collection could contribute to the advancement of Arts in Liverpool by displaying them together for their historic value. The Walker Art Gallery was born from this intention and became possibly the first in Britain to be created for the purpose of improving education for the citizens of the town. Nowadays, most publicly displayed collections are created with this purpose, but this is just another example of how Roscoe was way ahead of his time.

Though Roscoe had approached his collecting from the standpoint of a historian, he also had a good eye and had quite a few masterpieces of the 14th and 15th centuries among his collection. A few examples being Simone Martini’s Christ Discovered in the Temple and Hans Baldung Grien’s Mercenary Love of 1527, among many others.

As the gallery began to grow and expand they chose to keep focus on acquiring painting of historic merit. At first it was mainly of Liverpool’s history then, as time went on, to Britain's as a whole. Their focus did largely depend on what was gifted. For instance, a wine merchant named James Smith gifted 28 notable pre-Raphaelite paintings in 1923.

When World War II hit, the gallery became the local food office and stayed closed for nearly a decade. Once reopened, it sought to revamp itself by expanding its collection, an endeavor bolstered by several donations from local businesses. One painting of note acquired around this time was William Hogarth’s David Garrick as Richard III , a work which can arguably be viewed as the first great English history painting.

Sources

Sources

  1. Chun, Dongho. “'Democratic Principles and Aristocratic Tastes': William Roscoe's Patronage and Art Collecting.” Academia.edu, n.d. https://www.academia.edu/6152415/Democratic _Principles_and_Aristocratic_Tastes_William_Roscoes_Patronage_and_Art_Collect
  2. “Expansion and Growth of the Walker Art Gallery.” National Museums Liverpool, n.d. https://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/walker/about/history/1931-2002.aspx.
  3. Morris, Edward. Public Art Collections in North-West England: A History and Guide. Liverpool University Press, 2001.
  4. Muir, Ramsay, and William Roscoe. William Roscoe. An Inaugural Lecture ... by Ramsay Muir. Liverpool, 1906.
  5. “The Origins of the Collection, 1819-1871.” National Museums Liverpool, n.d. https://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/walker/about/history/1819-1871.aspx.

Featured Content

Here is what Wikipedia says about Walker Art Gallery

The Walker Art Gallery is an art gallery in Liverpool, which houses one of the largest art collections in England, outside London. It is part of the National Museums Liverpool group, and is promoted as "the National Gallery of the North" because it is not a local or regional gallery but is part of the national museums and galleries administered directly from central government funds.

History of Gallery and origins of the collection

The Walker Art Gallery's collection dates from 1819 when the Liverpool Royal Institution acquired 37 paintings from the collection of William Roscoe, who had to sell his collection following the failure of his banking business, though it was saved from being broken up by his friends and associates.

In 1843, the Royal Institution’s collection was displayed in a purpose-built gallery next to the Institution’s main premises. In 1850 negotiations by an association of citizens to take over the Institution’s collection, for display in a proposed art gallery, library and museum, came to nothing.

The collection grew over the following decades: in 1851 Liverpool Town Council bought Liverpool Academy’s diploma collection and further works were acquired from the Liverpool Society for the Fine Arts, founded in 1858. The competition between the Academy and Society eventually led to both collapsing.

William Brown Library and Museum opened in 1860, named after a Liverpool merchant whose generosity enabled the Town Council to act upon an 1852 Act of Parliament which allowed the establishment of a public library, museum and art gallery, and in 1871 the council organised the first Liverpool Autumn Exhibition, held at the new library and museum.

The success of the exhibition enabled the Library, Museum and Arts Committee to purchase works for the council’s permanent collection, buying around 150 works between 1871 and 1910. Works acquired included WF YeamesAnd when did you last see your father? and Dante Gabriel Rossetti’s Dante’s Dream.

Check out the full Wikipedia article about Walker Art Gallery.