Artworks
The Corpses of the Brothers De Witt
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Jan de Baen's gruesome portrait of the unlucky de Witt brothers reminds us why sometimes a success story isn't all it's cracked up to be.

The de Witt brothers were wealthy and well educated. Cornelis had a successful military career and rose to the position of burgomaster of Dordrecht (i.e. mayor of a major city), whereas Jan was a mathematician and lawyer who made it all the way to the top of the political heap and was the de facto leader of the Dutch Republic.

 

August 20, 1672 was not a good day for the dynamic duo as they found themselves surrounded by a hostile mob in favor of restoring the monarchy. The mob beat the brothers to death with sledgehammers, hung them upside down, and cut of their fingers, penises, and various other bits, some of which were cooked and eaten, others which were sold as souvenirs. Their hearts were cut out and put on display as well. How delightful! In his novel The Black Tulip Alexandre Dumas described the whole scene in great detail. The Hague Historical museum still has a de Witt tongue and a finger on display, as well as collection of torture instruments.

 

On the back of the painting there is an inscription in Dutch which reads: 'these are the corpses of Jan and Cornelis de Witt painted from life by a famous artist as they hung from the 'wip' at eleven pm. Cornelis is the one without wig. Jan de Witt has his own hair. This is the only image painted from life on August 20, 1672, and is therefore worth a lot of money.'

 

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Here is what Wikipedia says about The Corpses of the De Witt Brothers

The Corpses of the De Witt Brothers is a c.1672-75 oil on canvas painting by the Dutch Golden Age painter Jan de Baen, now in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.

It shows the dead and mutilated bodies of the brothers Johan and Cornelis de Witt hanging upside down on the Groene Zoodje, the place of execution in front of the Gevangenpoort in The Hague.

Subject

The two de Witt brothers, republicans and opponents of the House of Orange, had dominated Dutch politics for some years, but left the country unprepared for the invasion by Louis XIV of France in 1672, the infamous rampjaar. Their killing, which took place on 20 August 1672, was an act of aggression of a furious local mob, supporters of the 22 year old William of Orange who had just been appointed stadtholder and commander-in-chief of the army and navy by the political opponents of Johan. Johan had agreed to his forced resignation, but had also been imprisoned at the Gevangenport and his brother Cornelis, hearing the news, decided to go to his aid and was lynched himself on arrival.

Check out the full Wikipedia article about The Corpses of the De Witt Brothers.

Comments (2)

thinkstuff101

'painted from life' seems an ironic way to describe a painting of two corpses.

Francisco

Maybe it should have been 'last painting of my patron, Jan de Witt'